One of the most common types of malware in the cyber world is the spyware. It downloads to your computing device and spies on your computer activities. It acquires all the sensitive information from your computer. The malicious software program gets attached to the emails or the web pages that you visit on a regular basis. A spyware attack might even occur due to a random activity like installing a screensaver.
Classification of spyware
Spyware is one of the software programs that are difficult to detect and the users are most often unaware of it even after it has infected the computer. Spyware is divided into two categories – surveillance spyware and advertising spyware.
● The surveillance spyware has the capability of collecting confidential information including credit card numbers and bank accounts by making use of keyloggers. Through the keyloggers, the cyber attackers can track chat sessions of instant messaging apps. Trojan Horse, one of the most menacing malicious software programs can even control your computing device.
● Advertising spyware gathers sensitive information by showing pop-up advertisements. It has the capability of recording your email address, passwords, online buying choices, browsing history, software, and hardware configuration. Additionally, spyware can even store your name, sex, and age.
How does spyware collect information and data?
As it is known that detection of spyware can be tremendously crucial; you should know that it takes several forms for various purposes.
● One of the symptoms through which you can guess that your computer has been infected with spyware is the slowing down of the device. You might notice that the processing speed of the computer is slower than usual.
● Few forms of the Trojan Horse malware can even change your security setting that will allow it take control of your PC. Often, you might notice that the settings go back to what they were even when you make changes.
● It can keep an eye on the internet activities by making use of the cookies in your browser. Through the cookies, the spyware informs the advertisers about your product search or sends the advertisers relevant information. This might be a part of social media engineering but there are more harmful tracking ways that a spyware is able to undertake.
Can you remove spyware?
If you have been able to identify any existing spyware that is causing harm to the PC, then you need to figure out how to get rid of it. Apart from installing an anti-spyware tool, you cannot do any other thing.
● A click on any pop-up advertisement can turn out to be harmful for the computer. You need to keep updating the antivirus software in order to deal with the latest spyware issues.
You should take precautions by protecting your PC with a firewall if you use a broadband connection.
● Adjusting the Internet zone security is one of the important things to execute because it can lower the risk level from ‘high’ to ‘medium’.
● In addition to the context, you should be careful about ActiveX controls that are susceptible to malware and spyware.
● As soon as you get a pop-up notification, you should click on the ‘X’ which is situated in the corner. If you click on ‘Agree’ or ‘OK’, then you automatically accept the spyware which will cause damage to the system.
● When you are downloading any free applications or music files or any other media sharing programs, you should go through the licensing agreement to get the knowledge of what the application does.
Antivirus software provides antispyware protection where any malicious software program is detected and removed accordingly. In order to get rid of the issue, the only thing you can follow beforehand is to avoid downloading the apps from unauthorized sources.
You can use the antispyware from SUPER Anti Spyware or AVG to stay away from the trouble. You can get anti-spyware software programs for free but the paid versions generally include various features that can even detect Trojan Horse.